Ep. 22: METARs Explained in Less than 5 Mins | Aviation Weather



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In this video we’ll cover METARs, how to read and decode them in less than 5 minutes. This video is part of our online learning center, and part of our larger online course “Understanding Weather Basics”. Check out our online courses at www.fly8ma.com

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hey guys John from flight Mike alpha calm and today we are going to talk about meet ours and tafs and you might notice this is part 1 of 2 in this video we are not going to get too in-depth into all those crazy weird symbols and remarks you hear about sometimes and you seen the text we're going to get into the very basics add a student pilot level of where you should be able to read meet ours and read taps and understand what they mean at the basic level and then part two we'll dive into all those crazy weird remarks about rain beginning here and ending there and verga and snowstorms and sandstorms and all that so very basics today we'll jump right into it yeah harbor town right turn north approves going to for takeoff so we're going to start off with me Tarzan we're going to start off with one from the Punta Gorda Airport KPG D and we can see here the nose issued the fourth that's the day the first number there at 1853 Zulu 1453 local and the winds were one two zero degrees at 9:00 or knots Niner statute miles visibility with light rain that's the minus RA scattered clouds at 600 feet broken clouds at 4800 in overcast clouds or an overcast ceiling at 11,000 feet then after that we can see 2 1 over 1 9 that means the temperature was 202 point was 1:9 that's dangerously close anytime there are 3 degrees or closer apart we have to worry about fog or mist and low visibility in the altimeter a two nine eight one means altimeter to nine or 0.8 one and we're going to stop there we don't forget about the remarks so those are the weather conditions that were observed at 1853 Zoo now it's anybody's guess what's going on right now whether it does change so you may want to wait for the next one to be issued they're issued typically every hour or after a sudden change in weather so they should be reissued sometimes you'll notice after the time and date stamp Auto a uto and that can mean that all this information is generated automatically at an unmanned weather observation station not that it's anything less reliable or a METAR without Auto is any more reliable humans certainly still do make mistakes but typically there's some human intervention or some human overseeing what the weather station sang if it's missing that Auto designation instead of Auto you may also see cor that would mean corrected perhaps that an automated station generated bad information and said the winds were 90 knots instead of zero nine knots and it was corrected by a person and they won't show you what the correction was it'll just say cor after the timestamp for corrected now let's talk about a couple things that pertain to our wind indication there so let's say that instead of singing one two zero nine knots we saw the letters V R B those would say in for variable and typically you'll see that when the wind speed is less than six knots and so they simply tell you hey the wind is pretty light and it's probably variable from different directions we don't really know exactly what direction is coming from it's light and variable and so that's what the vrv would stand for now if you saw a wind direction like 1 2 0 and then 0 9 with a G and maybe after the G you saw 2 1 that would stand for winds are 1 2 0 degrees at 9 knots gusting to 2 1 knots and so that's actually a pretty big difference 9 knots and 21 but that can't happen is that's what the G stands for when you might have winds 12 knots gusting to 18 or something along those lines it would be displayed as this well guys that's it for meters part 1 we've got meters part 2 as well as taps 1 & 2 coming up so for sit for videos that'll make up this series here meters part 1 & 2 you just watched meters part 1 also check out taff's everything you need to know about those parts 1 & 2 there on our playlist on our youtube channel as well on our website fly at MyCal calm in the weather course if you have any questions at all leave them in the comments below we'll get back to you as soon as possible thanks for watching guys see y'all next time

4 thoughts on “Ep. 22: METARs Explained in Less than 5 Mins | Aviation Weather”

  1. Can you elaborate on the time and how its calculated. I know standard military time but what does the Z stand for and how do you convert "Z" time to local time? Also, why wouldnt the airport display its own local time in its METAR?

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